Doc. 26-2. AARC FOIA suit on CIA’s 1963 study of plots to assassinate Adolf Hitler
Courtesy of Carmine Savastano, author of Two Princes and a King: A Concise Review of Three Political Assassinations
A collection of Central Intelligence Agency internal documents that present information regarding selected historical agents, employees, and officers. Among the details reviewed are biographic information, service dates, personnel and security files, employee job performance, considerations for advancement, and the operational utilization of intelligence employees. These gathered files can offer some insights hidden from most original investigators and review specific information often left out of general Agency correspondence.
Biographic Profiles: Internal documents that offer detailed summaries of physical characteristics, service dates, and personal contacts.
Contact Division Files: These files that note contacts made with official agencies, staff, biographical information, and files created by the Office of Operations.
Fitness Reports: These documents monitor employee job performance, considerations for advancement or demotion, and the proper utilization of intelligence employees and leaders.
Personnel Files: An extensive series of files that include cables, messages, written notes, some operational details, awards, personnel action requests, and biographic information compiled by the Office of Personnel.
Personal History Statements: This document presents primary and supplemental reports that offer extensive biographic information, educational qualifications, and travel records for reference purposes.
Security Files: The Office of Security compiled these documents to assess potential security risks, protect sensitive information, and for determining the reliability of contacts, sources, assets, employees, officers, and members of the public who sought security approvals.
Miscellaneous Files: Supporting files with useful information regarding the subject not present in other related documents.
Tennant H. Bagley
Bagley was direct relation of multiple US Navy admirals and served in WWII, he later earned his doctorate in political science from international study. He joined the CIA in July of 1950 and was a noted intellectual trained in four languages. During 1951, he extensively studied operational and clandestine methods and later served in the Foreign Intelligence Operations Section at CIA headquarters. Bagley’s later marriage to an Austrian woman despite the warnings of supervising officials caused him to be moved from his later post in Austria to the United States. His personnel file verifies that in 1961 he used Department of State cover while employed in various Agency capacities. During 1965, Bagley served as the Chief of the Soviet Russia Division’s Counterintelligence Group and later that year was promoted to Deputy Chief of the entire Soviet Russia Division. Among his most notable endeavors was developing KGB defector Yuriy Nosenko, yet Bagley later joined the CIA faction labeling Nosenko as a false defector. In 1967, Agency officials sent Bagley to Belgium and he served as the Chief of Brussels Station until 1972 when he faced involuntary retirement. He sought during later years via reports, books, and interviews to substantiate his prior critical ideas and circumstantial evidence regarding Nosenko’s allegiances.
William Vincent Broe
Broe started his official career in government as a Special Agent of the Federal Bureau of Investigation and later joined the CIA to serve in Far East Division operations. He became Station Chief of Tokyo and subsequently the Chief of Western Hemisphere (WH) Division in 1965. Broe led his division to undertake repeated illegal clandestine operations in South America to influence foreign governments and finished his intelligence career as Inspector General before retiring in 1973.
Biographic Profile Personnel File
Charlotte Louise Bustos-Videla (Zehrung)
She was a CIA Western Hemisphere Division staff employee that married former Argentine Brigadier General Cesar Bustos-Videla. Charlotte was prior trained as an Economist, Statistician, and Stenographer and she later was a foreign intelligence officer and granted a cryptographic clearance in 1974. She was an integral part of multiple Latin American operations and was the “internal troubleshooter” for years while assigned to Mexico City station.
Personal History Statement Personnel File
David Lamar Christ
He was captured during an operation while targeting a Communist news agency in Cuba and received the Distinguished Intelligence Cross for his actions during incarceration. He also was the Records Officer for his component in the Domestic Contact Services Division and noted by one reviewer to have been ardent but not a dominant personality. Christ had extensive knowledge of some Agency research projects that included foreign intelligence operations and eventually was promoted to Chief of CIA Technical Services. His role in the Technical Services Division focused on agent management, developing additional useful micro technology, coordination of surveillance installation operations, and gathering intelligence. Christ became the Chief of Applied Physics Division within the Office Research and Development and later retired in 1970.
Biographic Profile Personnel File Security File
Viola June Cobb
Cobb served in the Oklahoma Civil Air Patrol and was the managing editor of a medical news magazine. She later was employed by Castro regime to manage its English publications and became among those officials with some access to important members of the Cuban leadership. She also worked as a CIA double agent in her senior staff role under Fidel Castro and reported to the CIA from Cuba. Cobb also had connections to other people who have made various assertions related to Lee Harvey Oswald’s actions in Mexico City. Additionally, she testified before Congress regarding national security in 1962 and further claimed she could prove connections between Oswald and Soviet officials.
Lucien Emile Conein
He was a notorious former member of the Office of Strategic Services (OSS) and subsequently the Central Intelligence Agency that had an extensive military and covert intelligence background. Conein attended the British Special Intelligence School and received training in psychological warfare from US officials; he served as an operations officer at CIA Headquarters and collaborated with revolutionary forces in Saigon during the overthrow of Vietnamese President Ngo Dihn Diem. Conein later attempted to use his CIA contacts to sell arms to criminal and rebel groups abroad.
Biographic Profile Personal History Statement Personnel File
William John Crawford
Crawford began serving the Agency in the Clerical Branch his training included counterinsurgency orientation, photographic intelligence and counterintelligence training dealing with clerical materials. He advanced to recruitment officer, became a CIA personnel officer, and the Acting Executive Officer in Project AQUATONE’s Detachment C military group that included pilot testing for U-2 missions. He later is promoted to administration officer and in 1964; he was involved in CIA operations related to Iran, Jordan, and Lebanon.
Ross Lester Crozier
Crozier served in the US Air Force while using multiple pseudonyms (false names) during his operational career while located in Costa Rica, Guatemala, and Cuba. He was among the Agency’s case officers later handling the Directorio Revolucionario Estudiantil (DRE), a Cuban exile group supported and funded by the Agency. The primary objective of the DRE was undertaking anti-Castro operations that include propaganda, sabotage, and nearly any illegal operation to reduce the power of the Cuban regime.
Personal History Statement Personnel File
George A. Fill
He served in United States Army Military Intelligence as a Russian Liaison Officer, worked in the Central Intelligence Agency’s Washington D.C. Station and later was an operations officer located at CIA Headquarters. Subsequently Fill undertook Turkish, Baltic, and Soviet Branch Division operations and served as Chief of a CIA base in Chicago, Illinois gathering intelligence about immigrants from Soviet areas.
Flores served in the United States Marines and later became a file clerk for the Central Intelligence Agency. He subsequently was noted to have produced one of the most productive sources the CIA had from a challenging sensitive asset and was an operations officer using the designated alias Danilo Freitas. Flores was assigned to the Agency’s Directorate of Plans on its Special Affairs Staff and later was promoted to Operations Instructor for the Operational Training Branch.
Personal History Statement Personnel File
Fox was educated at Bard College in New York and majored in economics; he was also later trained in black (Illegal) propaganda methods, skilled in photographic interpretation, and served as a member of the Strategic Intelligence Staff. He was involved with CIA operations gathering and interpreting economic and military intelligence acquired in Soviet Bloc, North Vietnamese, Philippines, Indonesian, and Chinese areas.
Biographic Profile Personnel File
Anne Lorene Goodpasture
She assisted the Agency’s Station Chief Winston Scott in various important operations concerning Mexico City station. Goodpasture was among those who handled the original Cuban and Soviet Embassy tapes allegedly containing calls from Lee Harvey Oswald and she was among those responsible for the mishandling of the Mexico City Man photographs responsible for feeding public claims that Oswald was impersonated. She was questioned regarding the matter multiple times and was of little help in deciphering the issue and no tape of Oswald has ever been produced for public review. According to some internal Agency files, these tapes were prior mistakenly destroyed but some officials and the public highly doubted the official explanation. Additionally contending accounts and evidence handling failures never explained the diverging stories and claims by multiple connected officials.
Fitness Report Personnel File
William King Harvey
He was a former reporter and Federal Bureau of Investigation agent who became a notable CIA officer and was involved in various sensitive illegal compartmentalized operations including multiple plots to assassinate foreign enemy leaders. Harvey was directly involved overseeing Phase II of the Castro assassination plots, he led the CIA’s Staff D group that concentrated on the penetration of enemy signals intelligence and the penetration of enemy cryptographic material, and he led the Task Force W group that focused on the overthrow of the Castro regime. His notorious activities such as Project ZRRIFLE link him directly to assassination plots before and after the death of President Kennedy.
Biographic Profile Personal History Statement Personnel File
Calvin Wilson Hicks
He was an Operations Officer that served at CIA Headquarters and in field primarily in the Far East, Middle East, and Western Hemisphere Division. Hicks was a Staff Employee of Western Hemisphere Division under military cover and during periods of his operational activity he administrated a school, provided training and firearms lessons to students, and was a consultant to military and corporate Agency components. He was imprisoned in China during a portion of his Far East service.
Personnel File Security File
Balmes Nieves Hidalgo Jr.
Hidalgo was a CIA staff member who testified in a formerly classified Executive Session of the House Select Committee on Assassinations (HSCA). He possessed longstanding connections to multiple people associated with the JFK assassination case and Hidalgo’s Agency operations included the collection of information, anti-Communist counterintelligence, and he performed some work from the CIA’s JMWAVE station.
Personal History Statement Security File Security File 2
Sylvia Ludlow Hoke
Hoke was a Personnel Research Technician Placement and Employee Relations staffer for the United States Air Force and a CIA employee. She additionally was the sister of Ruth Paine who housed Lee Harvey Oswald’s family in Texas and she reported occasional discussions her sister had with Marina Oswald and general information to the CIA.
Everette Howard Hunt
The Agency employed Hunt to serve as an intelligence officer in 1949 and he transferred to Mexico City station in 1950. Officials assigned him to Washington D.C. and he served as an operations officer for the Directorate of Plans in 1953. By 1957, Hunt was at Uruguay station and returned to serve at Agency headquarters in 1960, except for just over a year he spent as a CIA officer in Spain. Hunt is the subject of speculations and some have claimed he is associated with the assassination of President Kennedy. However, substantial primary evidence discounts such prior claims and assertions seek to link him to matters that no verifiable facts do. Hunt serves for most of his remaining CIA career in Washington D.C. and retired in 1970 and his subsequent clandestine work for the Nixon administration ended with disastrous results due to his involvement in the Watergate scandal.
Biographic Profile Fitness Report Personnel File Security File 1 Security File 2 Security File 3 Security File 4
Miguel Angel Diaz Isalgue
He possessed several valuable relatives in multiple Communist nations, including a sister married to a former Cuban Ambassador to Poland and one cousin who was a personal aide of Fidel Castro. Related documents state he was a team leader and principal agent on behalf of the CIA’s JMWAVE Station in Miami. He served as principal agent for over a dozen black infiltration operations targeting Cuba between 1961 and 1968 and was the target of an unsuccessful recruitment pitch by Cuban intelligence. Isalgue was the owner of the Hogarama Discount store and was noted to have contacts in multiple business arrangements in Costa Rica and Venezuela. The Agency assigned him multiple cryptonyms for operational use, among his later assignments was a recruitment pitch targeting a Cuban official during the 1970s.
Personnel File Clandestine Service File
George Efythron Joannides
Joannides is a figure noted first as merely a CIA Office of Legal Counsel Liaison to the House Select Committee on Assassinations. He was involved in the procurement of and denial of information sought by investigators in this role but evidence subsequently revealed Joannides to have been a prior Case Officer for the Directorio Revolucionario Estudiantil (DRE, Student Revolutionary Directorate). This organization was an international CIA funded anti-Castro exile group with offices in Miami and New Orleans. In 1962 Joannides served as “Deputy Chief of Branch handling (in absence of Chief) all aspects political action and psychological warfare and supervising…case officers and clerical personnel…Case Officer for student project involving political action, propaganda, intelligence collection, and hemisphere-wide apparatus.” Joannides further “maintains contacts with key elements of veteran’s type organization as a developmental project” and he managed a teacher’s organization engaged in radio and media propaganda according to official files.
Samuel Goodhue Kail
Kail graduated from West Point, served in the Korean War, and was the US Army Attaché stationed at the US Havana Embassy from June 1958 until 1961; among his duties was gathering military intelligence. He was transferred in 1962 to Opa Locka Processing center in Miami for interviewing newly arrived Cuban exiles. In 1962, Kail was assigned to the CIA Office of Operations for training Agency personnel and assets. He later retired from US military intelligence during 1969 and Kail subsequently testified to the House Select Committee that he believed the CIA funded his prior military unit.
Contact Division File Security File
Thomas John Keenan
He served as the case officer for a notable surveillance effort associated with the Agency’s Mexico City station. Keenan received aid from Agency employee Anne Goodpasture to undertake covert intelligence collections targeting Communist embassies in Mexico City. Kennan was noted in one document to be “case officer two of the station’s technical support projects, one sensitive double agent case, and has other operational responsibilities.”
Fitness Report Personnel File
Robert Malcolm Keith
Keith served in the United States Navy; he was educated in military science, chemistry, and engineering at West Point military academy. He attended the Citadel military college and the Agency further trained him in a variety of skills that include study of the Russian and German languages, secret writing, and technical operations. Keith supported Agency Soviet, Indonesian, and Chinese operations and was both an intelligence and operations officer during his career.
Herman Edward Kimsey
Kimsey was a staff employee in the Technical Services Division who used a media cover to gather intelligence from a variety of public sources for the Agency. He participated in Agency Project BEVISION and later was promoted to Chief of Research and Analysis and was claimed by author Hugh McDonald to have known the unidentified man in Commission Exhibit 237, however by this time Kimsey was deceased and could not offer a response.
Personnel File Security File
Henry Preston Lopez
Lopez was a Harvard educated lawyer who ran an unsuccessful campaign to become the Secretary of State for California. He possessed several connections to Communist groups and leftist organizations that fought against US Congressional actions during the 1950s amid the Red Scare. The Agency gave Lopez an intelligence gathering assignment in 1960 within Cuba as a tourist seeking to invest in local businesses. Lopez was hired by the CIA project to organize the most viable Cuban exile groups to for Agency operational use. During his organizational efforts, he used the pseudonym Edward G. Tichborn for Operation AMPATROL and following a thorough assessment of the gathered candidate groups Lopez informed the Agency there was little chance of unity among the disparate factions. Lopez resided in Mexico City during 1961 and during this period worked as a CIA undercover contract agent who was compensated by the local CIA Station. In 1966, his wife’s serious illness forced him to leave Mexico and they relocated to New York City.
Personnel File Security File
James Walter McCord Jr.
He is a former employee of the Department of Justice and was a former special agent of the Federal Bureau of Investigation. The CIA trained him in counterintelligence operations and McCord served as a security investigator for the Agency earning high praise for his various undertakings. Yet he subsequently faces arrest and prison for participation in the Watergate burglary with his former CIA coworker E. Howard Hunt.
Biographic Profile Personnel File
James Walton Moore
Moore served in the US Navy, was a member of the Office of Naval Intelligence, the Central Intelligence Group, and then joined the CIA and was assigned to its Washington DC Headquarters. He transferred to Special Operations Division for whom he conducted overseas assignments in India, China, and other parts of Asia. Eventually Moore was promoted to the role of intelligence officer and he later managed a small local CIA office within Dallas in 1963. Moore had multiple contacts with George de Mohrenschildt a known associate of Lee Harvey Oswald and de Mohrenschildt claimed they discussed Oswald significantly before the assassination of President Kennedy. This claim drew unwanted attention to Moore after reporters and members of the public attempted to link him to the Kennedy assassination with the name Maurice Bishop.
Personal History Statement Personnel File Security File
David Sanchez Morales
He was born March 30, 1926 and his career prior to the Agency included physical education instruction during the 1940s and subsequently he joined the United States Army in 1946. Morales during his time in the military simultaneously was studying law, political science, and multiple foreign languages. Morales left the military according to his Agency biographic profile in 1953 and he was an operations officer assigned to Havana Station in Cuba by 1958. During January of 1963 Morales was classified as an operations officer and served as the Deputy Chief of JMWAVE Miami Station. He was noted to have orchestrated and undertaken multiple covert and paramilitary operations across the Americas. Subsequently Morales used a position in the Agency for International Development (AID) for operational cover. Some have claimed Morales was involved multiple assassinations and some in the public later have alleged he privately claimed responsibility for these crimes.
Personal History Statement
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WASHINGTON — For 15 years, journalist, author and assassination expert Jefferson Morley has fought to compel the CIA to produce records about longtime spy George Joannides, who worked with a group associated with President John F. Kennedy’s acknowledged assassin and then aided the committee that tried to investigate that killing.
Morley returned to federal court again Monday, this time before a three-judge appeals court panel to get the government to pay legal fees that have climbed to more than $500,000, said Morley’s attorney, James Lesar.
Circumstances around Kennedy’s murder and the various theories over the decades that reject the idea that the lone assassin was Oswald — who himself was murdered during a jail transfer two days after Kennedy was killed — can get pretty complicated.
Morley, however, says his case is simple: The government needs to inform the public of its activities. Morley wants the appeals court in Washington to force the government to pay his legal fees and to get the CIA to reveal some of Joannides’ records.
“We’re talking about very specific things. We are not talking about a Chinese box,” he said in response to a question mentioning the term.
Bill Miller, public information officer of the Washington U.S. Attorney’s office, said the office had no comment on the case beyond its court motions and filings.
As more and more government files have been released under the JFK Records Act since October, various long-held CIA secrets have been revealed, many of them not related to the assassination, at least directly. But even with the court case and the Records Act — with its final production due in April — files on Joannides remain scarce.
In 1963, the year Kennedy was murdered, Joannides was the CIA case officer over students from Cuba eager to oust dictator Fidel Castro, who had seized power in 1959. In 1978, Joannides was named by the CIA as its contact with the House Select Committee on Assassinations.
The committee wanted to know more about the student group, which was called the DRE and code-named AMSPELL. It was part of the CIA efforts to undermine Castro. Another CIA operation on a separate track even aimed to assassinate Castro, using the Mafia and assets within Cuba.
Oswald had a bizarre interaction with a DRE member in New Orleans the summer leading up to Kennedy’s Nov. 22 murder, in Dallas — to which Oswald moved from New Orleans. And just after the assassination, the DRE publicized that encounter with Oswald, and Oswald’s avowed support of Castro.
Committee staffers wanted to know more about Oswald and the DRE, but they were stymied by Joannides and the CIA, who did not tell the committee that the agent handled the DRE in 1963 was … Joannides himself.
Lesar, president of the Assassination Archives and Research Center, said the CIA is trying to chill further efforts to open more records by making the plaintiffs pay for the litigation even when there’s a public benefit.
So far, however, U.S. District Judge Richard Leon has disagreed, ruling there is no public benefit in records relating to Joannides, who died in 1990. Other appeals court proceedings have sent the issue back to Leon to address finer legal points.
Monday’s appeals court appearance is the fifth time Morley’s case has been presented, Lesar said.
A ruling from the panel of three circuit judges — Karen Henderson, Brett Kavanaugh and Gergory Kalsas — could come anywhere from a month to one and a half years, Lesar said.
Most of the fees come from the years-long fight over who should pay, Lesar said.
Morley’s lawsuit began nearly 15 years ago, after the CIA refused to produce any records it had on Joannides that the National Archives didn’t already have. Five years after that 2003 filing, Morley prevailed. The CIA produced records showing among other things that Joannides had a residence available to him in New Orleans possibly around the time Oswald had a very public altercation there with a member of the student group.
The records also revealed that a then-retired Joannides got a “Career Intelligence Medal” in 1981. Morley said Monday that its reference to his work at headquarters is a pat on the back for stonewalling the House committee.
CONTINUE READING AT USA TODAY
LISTEN to the 19 March, 2018 Oral Argument HERE
Courtesy of Jefferson Morley and JFK Facts:
In this balanced 1976 interview with London’s Thames TV, we get a glimpse of James Angleton, slightly past his prime, but still a vintage Cold Warrior. He worried that President Richard Nixon and Secretary of State Henry Kissinger had embraced an illusion in pursuing detente with the Soviet Union and excoriated the man who fired him, William Colby. His firing, he allowed, was a defeat for the free world.
Some classic Angleton:
A conspiracy theory: about the assassination of Tom Mboya, a Kenyan leader in 1969:
“My belief is that it was executive action–the KGB.”
On detente between the Soviet Union and the United States in the 1970s.
The Soviets “can have you believe whatever they desire you to believe. If you have, as they do, control over all forms of communication with the West, be it the media, diplomats, tourists, students, culture, all playing the same theme, that becomes a very convincing agglomerate of information. ….It leads the West to think of Romania as something separate from Czechoslovakia or Poland or Yugoslavia.”
On the investigations of the CIA in the 1970s:
“In the West it is almost conceivable to be able to deceive when the very people who are your lawmakers destroy your secrets. The very people who profit from living in a democratic institution are those who have denigrated the word ‘national security.’”
On the nature of espionage:
“Counterintelligence: the queen on the board.”
The CIA in a democratic society
“There is always a question of whether a democratic country is capable of having an intelligence service of any great merit simply because of the built-in inhibitions. It usually takes a national crisis, a Pearl Harbor, to know what survival really means.”
The National Archives has finished processing the records about the JFK assassination that government agencies allowed to be released to the public without objection. However, there are thousands of records that remain withheld in whole or in part, which contain the most sensitive government information about the JFK assassination that agencies were not willing to release in the initial processing. President Trump promised that all of these withholdings will be subject to another review within six months to make sure that only very limited information is withheld- information related to live sources. The Trump review remains to be done. For that reason, the most sensitive information about the assassination has yet to be released. The news article that follows is based on what agencies allowed to be released this fall without objection. — AARC Editorial Staff
By Kevin G. Hall, McClatchy DC | 28 December 17
alf-a-dozen 2017 releases of long-secret documents about the assassination of President John F. Kennedy have given plenty of new leads to those who don’t believe alleged gunman Lee Harvey Oswald acted alone.
President Donald Trump promised via Twitter this fall that all the JFK assassination documents will be public by the end of April 2018 “to put any and all conspiracies to rest.”
Instead, the 34,963 documents released so far in 2017 have fed the fire tended by researchers and others who believe there is much more to the story how a U.S. president was assassinated in Dallas 54 years ago.
“To this point, as expected, we haven’t had a document that lists the conspirators in the murder of President Kennedy,” said Larry Sabato, director of the University of Virginia’s Center for Politics and author of The Kennedy Half Century. “What we have gotten is a lot of rich material, not just about the Kennedy assassination but the times.”
It was a 1991 movie, Oliver Stone’s “JFK,” that led Congress to require the secret documents to be released more than two decades later after they were reviewed for national security purposes and to protect past informants. The film, which challenged the official version of the assassination, brought conspiracy theorists into the mainstream and led other Americans to question the official version of events.
McClatchy’s Washington bureau, the Miami Herald and the Fort Worth Star-Telegram have pored over thousands of newly released JFK documents. Here are some of the new or bolstered leads revealed thus far by the new material.
Dallas mayor was CIA asset
One particular document from the August release has created much buzz. It that shows that Earle Cabell, mayor of Dallas at the time of the Nov. 22, 1963, shooting, became a CIA asset in late 1956.
The CIA had withheld the information on grounds that it was not considered relevant. No related documents have been released, but even alone it is important. Cabell’s brother Charles was deputy director of the CIA until he was fired by Kennedy in January 1962.
“That shows why Dallas was the place,” said Zack Shelton, a retired veteran FBI agent who fervently disbelieves that Lee Harvey Oswald was a lone gunman. “I think the investigation or focus is going to be turned more into Oswald not being the lone wolf.”
Shelton, now 67 and retired in Beaumont, Texas, was an FBI agent in Chicago combating organized crime in the 1980s. In the process of helping bust a contraband ring involving an alleged mafia hitman named James Files, Shelton was told that Files had curious things to say about the Kennedy killing roughly 20 years earlier.
That tip to Shelton launched a chain of events that led to Files confessing from prison in Illinois that he was one of several gunmen in Dallas on the fateful day, and that he fired from the famous grassy knoll.
Many historians dismiss Files’ claims, but Shelton maintains that Files was indeed an assassin and was part of the Cosa Nostra mob organization headed in Chicago by Salvatore “Sam the Cigar” Giancana. Files was released from prison in 2016 after a long stint for attempted murder.
The CIA and FBI documents released so far say nothing about Files or another assassin he allegedly worked with named Charles Nicoletti, but that’s no surprise to Wim Dankbaar. He’s a Dutch national with a website and videos devoted to debunking what he considers a myth — that Oswald killed Kennedy or that he acted alone — and promoting the view that Files assassinated Kennedy.
“Do you really think they haven’t deep-sixed the incriminating files?” Dankbaar asked in a testy telephone interview.
The November tranche of new documents does include some about Giancana’s courier, a former Chicago cop who went by the alias Richard Cain and met in Mexico City with CIA staff; he was also an informant for the FBI. A 1992 biography written by Giancana’s family said the mob boss had told his younger brother that Cain and Nicoloetti, not Oswald, were in the Texas Book Depository from where shots at Kennedy were fired.
In addition, several new documents discuss the CIA and its work with mobsters to prevent Fidel Castro’s rise to power in Cuba and later oust him.